Crop Profiles


Flax follows a typical small grain growing season in Manitoba. It is seeded in May and is very sensitive to spring frosts at the cotyledon stage, as it needs a strong start with warm soils. Once the seedling hardens off, it can withstand cold temperatures for short periods.

Flax plants produce a beautiful purple-blue flower in mid- to late July and grain is ready for harvest by September. 


Flax can be grown almost anywhere there is arable land in Manitoba, but flax acres are normally seeded south of the Parkland area to avoid the risk of early spring and fall frosts that can affect yield and quality.

Flax in Manitoba is grown primarily for human consumption and oil production, although flax has a variety of other uses, including animal feed and industrial applications

End Uses

  • Livestock Feed

  • Flaxseed/linseed oil

  • Food for human consumption

Did You Know?

Most of Manitoba’s flax crop is processed domestically for human consumption, as flaxseed is high in omega-3 fatty acids, fibre and lignans, which act as antioxidants and are not commonly found in many foods.

Annual Stats*

  • Manitoba farmers plant

    66,252 acres

  • Manitoba farmers harvest

    38,570 tonnes

  • Crop is valued at


  • Exports are valued at


Manitoba Flax Usage**

Seeded Area & Production

Yield: Manitoba vs. Canada

Revenues: Weighted Price

Revenues: Total Value

ExportsTonnes & Export Value

Top Export Destinations**

China 45.0%(15,661 t)

USA 10.0%(10,050 t)

Belgium 17.9%(6,234 t)

* Seeded area, production and crop value data are an average of the 2018/19 – 2022/23 crop years. Export value data are an average of the 2017/18 – 2021/22 crop years.

** Manitoba Usage and Top Export Destinations data are an average of the 2017/18 – 2021/22 crop years.


SOURCES: LeftField Commodity Research, Statistics Canada, Canadian Grain Commission and Trade Data Monitor