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Fall Fungicide and Seed Treatment Application on Winter Wheat

With this year’s winter wheat harvest wrapping up across the province, its time to start thinking about next years winter wheat crop. There are a lot of important factors to consider, including use of disease-free seed, availability of stubble to plant into, as well as fertilizer and seeding rates. Additions to that list include use of a seed treatment and a fall fungicide application.

So, the question is, will a seed treatment and/or a fall fungicide application aid in increasing yield and winter survival of your winter wheat crop? The short answer is yes, but there is more to the story.

Seed Treatment

In a study performed at nine Western Canadian locations between 2011 and 2013, Dr. Brian Beres and his collaborators found that application of a dual fungicide/insecticide seed treatment increased plant density by 1.1 plants/ft2. It was also observed that there was more of an economic advantage of using a seed treatment when the winter wheat stands were thinner, as it resulted in greater gross (+ $13/ac) and net (+$9/ac) returns. Beres suggests that use of a seed treatment can be a method of risk aversion, as it can ensure higher yields when seedling mortality thins winter wheat stands.

Fall Fungicide

In another Western Canadian study, Dr. Kelly Turkington and collaborators looked at the effect of foliar fungicide application on winter wheat cultivar CDC Buteo. Application of Proline 480 (AI: Prothioconazole, 480 g L-1, Bayer CropScience Inc.) was performed in mid-October. In short, the fall applied fungicide increased yield by 0.8 bu/ac but decreased net returns by almost $10/ac. It should also be mentioned that some sites in had high levels of disease and confirmed strip rust infection, and net revenues from applying a fall fungicide were still negative.

Table 1. Mean winter wheat yield, leaf disease severity and net revenue responses to Proline (AI: prothioconazole) for data collected at 26 sites in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, from 2010 to 2013.

Variable

Check

Foliar Fungicide

Yield (bu/ac)

62.5

63.3

Percentage of flag leaf diseased (%)

14.8

13.9

Net revenue ($/ac)

43.3

33.6

The results from this study are consistent with other work on cereal crops that suggest direct protection of the upper canopy is critical in protecting grain yield. Fall fungicide application will not directly protect the upper canopy, and the observed yield increase in this study could be due to plant responses to prothioconazole, which has been shown to enhance frost tolerance.


Learn more:

Beres at al. 2016. Winter Wheat Cropping System Response to Seed Treatments, Seed Size, and Sowing Density. Agronomy Journal. https://acsess.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.2134/agronj2015.0497

Turkington et al. 2016. Winter Wheat Yields are Increased by Seed Treatment and Fall-Applied Fungicide. Agronomy, Soils & Environmental Quality. http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3af7/ee69bbf7332f61d5a9c4a6a30f24fff42e4c.pdf

Article written by Mallorie Lewarne, Agronomy Extension Specialist - Cereal Crops with Manitoba Crop Alliance